Calculating energy balance for higuerilla (Ricinus communis L.) from field productive stages to energy value for whole plant constituents

Héctor Martín Durán García, Hipólito Ortiz Laurel, Erich Dietmar Rossel Kipping, Alejandro Amante Orozco, Liliana González Muñoz

Abstract


Introduction:  Energy balance trial allows to carefully allocating any inputs for field production of the crop as well as, dosing precisely the amount of energy required for each process, thus determining the efficiency when energy transformation inside the crop is required for a certain task.                       

Method: Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis L.) as an energetic crop was field drillet and cultural practices were undertaken for crop growth and at harvest, the whole plant was collected where each constituent was tested for its energy concentration. Thus, to reach for an energy balance calculation; bilological energy figures from higuerilla plant were compared with technical and physical energy application for crop cultivation and processing.                       

Results: Entire energy applied for crop growth is 28% higher that energy obtained from higuerilla plant. Also, biomass of whole castor oil plant except seeds generates twice energy than oil from seeds, so whole crop harvesting has to be promoted.                       

Conclusion: Oil from sedes should de used as biomaterial, since there is a positive balance by 15%.

Keywords


renewable energy; energetic potential; energy crop; biomass

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v9i18.699

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Nova Scientia, year 9, issue 19, November 2017 – April 2018, is a biannual journal printed by the Universidad De La Salle Bajío, with its address: Av. Universidad 602, Col. Lomas del Campestre, C. P. 37150, León, Gto. México. Phone: (52) 477 7108500, e-mail: http://nova_scientia.delasalle.edu.mx. Chief editor: Ph.D. Rolando Pérez Álvarez and Ph.D. Ramiro Rico Martínez. ISSN 2007 - 0705. Copyright for exclusive use No. 04-2008-092518225500/102, Diffusion rights via computer net 04 - 2008 – 121011584800-203 both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.

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