Preliminary determination of nutrient norms and nutrient interactions on pepper “ancho” (Capsicum annuum L) in the Comarca Lagunera.

Rosa I. Ramírez-Chávez, José D. López-Martínez, Enrique Troyo-Diéguez, Miguel A. Gallegos-Robles, Cirilo Vázquez-Vázquez, José A. Ramírez Ibarra, José L. García-Hernández

Abstract


Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the main vegetable crops in Mexico. This because its great popularity among the population. Within this species, one of the cultivars that have more uses is the type “ancho”. Given the current scenario of economic and environmental crisis, growers of this crop have the need of supplying a balanced nutrition. The source and amount of fertilizer may drastically affect growth pattern, anatomy and morphology, as well as chemical and nutritional composition and therefore productivity and quality of fruits. Optimization on the use of fertilizers may be achieved through the determination of nutrient norms with multivariate methods such as Compositional Nutrient Diagnosis (DNC). DNC is supported by robust mathematical basis for a crop and a specific region. The aim of this study was to estimate the preliminary nutritional norms and identify significant nutritional interactions through DNC for pepper type ancho “San Martín” in region “Comarca Lagunera” during the spring-summer season 2015. Preliminary norms DNC were developed from a small database as mean and standard deviation of the row-centered log ratios (Vx) of five nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg) and an unknown value R, which comprises all the nutrients not analyzed and quantified chemically in ancho pepper. DNC preliminary norms are V*N = 0.42 ± 0.06, V*P = -3.24 ± 0.13, V*K = 0.48 ± 0.08, V*Ca = -0.21 ± 0.06, V*Mg = -0.82 ± 0.05, and * R5 V = = 3.38 ± 0.05. As result of this work, two significant negative interactions through principal component analysis were shown: P and K for high-yield population, while in the entire population and the low-yield population, negative interaction of P and Ca was found, which suggests cases of P-K and P-Ca antagonisms for this study.


Keywords


ancho pepper, nutrient, interaction, high yields.

References


Albrecht, E., Zhang, D., Mays, A., Deslattes, S., Robert. A., Stommel, J. R. (2012). Genetic diversity in Capsicum baccatum is significantly influenced by its ecogeographical distribution. BMC Genetics. 13: 1-11.

Alegre, J., López, V., Dolores, E., Alonso, B. E., Nieves, Yébenes, L. (2003). Evaluating bearberry nitrogen nutrition using hydropnic cultures: establishing preliminary DRIS norms. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 26: 525-542.

Alonso, R. A., Ponce, P., Quiroga, R., Rosales, M. A., Zuart, J. L., Moya, C., y Cabrera, A. (2008). Evaluación in situ de la variabilidad genética de los chiles silvestres (Capsicum spp.) en la región Frailesca del estado de Chiapas, México. Cultivos Tropicales. 29(2): 49-55.

Arroyo-Vargas L, Tirado-Torres JL, Volke-Haller VH, Valdez-Cepeda RD (2013) Normas preliminares de diagnóstico de nutrimento compuesto y correlaciones entre nutrimentos y rendimiento en pimiento (Capsicum annuum L.). Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems 16(1): 69-82.

Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). (1980). Official Methods of Analysis. Horwitz, W. (ed). 13th Ed. Benjamin Franklin Station, Washington DC. USA. 1018 p.

Bates, T. E. (1971). Factors affecting critical nutrient concentrations in plant and their evaluation, a review. Soil Sciences. 112: 116-130.

Bossa, J. R, Shannon, D. A, Adams, J. F, Mullins, G. L y Santen, E. (2005). Phosphorus, potassium and leucaena pruning interactions on corn in Haiti. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 73:37-47.

Bouyoucos G. J, (1927) The hydrometer as a method for the mechanical analysis of soils. Soil Science 59: 39-45.

Bremmer, J. (1996). Nitrogen total. In: Spark, D.L.; A.L. Johnston, and M.E. Sumner (Eds.). 1996. Methods of Analysis Part. 3. Chemical Methods (SSSA, Book Series No. 5).

Caro, E. M., Leyva, M. C., Ríos S. J. (2014). Competitividad de la productividad mundial del chile de México. Revista de Economía. 31(83):95-128.

Espinosa, J., Mite, F. (2002). Estado actual y futuro de la nutrición y fertilización del banano. Informaciones Agronómicas del Instituto de la Potasa y el Fósforo. 48: 5-14.

Fageria, V. D. (2005). Nutrient interactions in crop plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 24(8):1269-1290.

FAOSTAT-FAO. (2012). Statistical Databases. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Fonseca, R., Malveira, L. R., Silva B. W., Lopes, M. T. G., Medeiros, F. F. (2008). Morphologic characterization and genetic diversity of Capsicum chinese Jacq. accessions along the upper Rio Negro–Amazonas. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology. 81(3): 187-197.

García-Hernández, J. L., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Murillo, B., Nieto, A., Beltrán, L. F., Magallanes, R., Troyo, E. (2004). Compositional nutrient diagnosis and main nutrient interactions in yellow pepper grown on desert calcareous soils. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science 167: 509-515.

García-Hernández, J. L., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Murillo, B., Beltrán, F. A., Ruiz, F. H., Orona, I., Flores, A., Troyo, E. (2006). Preliminary compositional nutrient diagnosis norms in Aloe vera l. Grown on calcareous soil in an arid environment. Environmental and Experimental Botany. 58(1-3): 244-252.

García-Hernández, J. L., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Servín, R., Troyo, E., Murillo, B., Rueda, E. O., Rodríguez, J. C., Magallanes, R. (2007). Interacciones nutrimentales y normas de diagnóstico de nutrimento compuesto en una variedad semidomesticada de Capsicum frutescens. Revista Chapingo Serie Horticultura. 13(2): 133-140.

García-Hernández, J. L., Orona, I., González, G., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Murillo, B., Troyo-Diéguez, E., Fortis, M., Segura, M. A. (2009). Nutrient interactions and compositional nutrient diagnosis norms in pecan tree (Carya illinoensis). Revista Chapingo-Serie Horticultura. 15(2): 141-147.

González-Zamora, A., Sierra, E., Luna, J. G., Pérez, R., Rodríguez, J. C., García-Hernández, J. L. (2013). Characterization of different Capsicum varieties by evaluation of their capsaicinoids content by high performance liquid chromatography, determination of pungency and effect of high temperature. Molecules. 18: 13471-13486.

Gutierrez, A. F., Valdez, C. R. D., Blanco, M. F. (2002). Multivariate analysis of cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) fruits from a germoplasm collection. Acta Horticulturae. 581: 111-118.

Hossner, L, R .(1996). Dissolution for Total Elemental Analysis. In: Spark, D.L.; A.L. Johnston, and M.E. Sumner (Eds.). 1996. Methods of Analysis Part. 3. Chemical Methods (SSSA, Book Series No. 5).

Khiari, L., Parent, É. L., Tremblay, N. (2001). Selecting the high-yield subpopulation for diagnosing nutrient imbalance in crops. Agronomy Journal. 93: 802-808.

Latournerie, M. L., Chávez, J. L., Pérez, M., Castañon, G., Rodríguez, H. S. A., Arias L. M., Ramírez, V. P. (2002). Valoración in situ de la diversidad morfológica de chiles (Capsicum annum L. y Capsicum chinense Jacq.) en Yaxcabá, Yucatán. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana. 25: 25–33.

Lester, G. E, Jifon, J. L. y Makus, D. J. (2010). Impact of potassium nutrition on postharvest fruit quality: Melon (Cucumis melo L) case study. Plant and Soil. 335(1): 117-131.

Macías, R., Grijalva, R. L., Robles, F. (2012). Respuesta de la aplicación de estiércol y fertilizantes sobre el rendimiento y calidad del chile jalapeño. Biotecnia. 14(3): 32-38.

Magallanes, Q. R., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Blanco, F., Márquez, M. R., Ruíz, R., Pérez, O. García-Hernández, J. L., Murillo, B., López, M. J. D. (2004). Compositional nutrient diagnosis in nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica). Journal of Professional Association for Cactus Development. 6:78-89.

Magallanes-Quintanar, R. (2005). Generación de normas preliminares mediante la técnica de diagnóstico de nutriente compuesto en la nutrición vegetal. Tesis de doctorado. Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas. El Cordovel, Enrique Estrada, Zacatecas. Pp. 139.

Magallanes, Q. R., Valdez-Cepeda, R. D., Olivares, E., Pérez, O., García-Hernández, J. L., López, M. J. D. (2006). Compositional nutrient diagnosis in maize grown in calcareous soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition 29: 2019-2033.

Marschner, P. (2012). Marschner’s Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Third Edition. Edited by. Elsevier, London, UK. 651 pp.

Nelson, D.W. and L.E. Sommers. (1996). Total carbon, organic matter. In: Spark, D.L.; A.L. Johnston, and M.E. Sumner (Eds.). 1996. Methods of Analysis Part. 3. Chemical Methods (SSSA, Book Series No. 5).

Njira, K. O. W. and Nabwami, J. (2015). A review of effects of nutrient elements on crop quality. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 15(1):9777-9793.

Olivera, M., García-Yi, J. (2013). Promoción de la conservación de la biodiversidad mediante el aumento de la demanda interna de ajíes nativos en Bolivia. Avances en Investigación. Agropecuaria. 17: 57-63.

Olsen, S. R., C. V. Cole, F. S. Watanabe, and L. A. Dean. (1954). Estimation of available phospurus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. Department of Agriculture. Circular 939. U.S. Washington, D. C. Pp. 1-18.

Parent, E. L., Dafir, M. (1992). A theoretical concept of compositional nutrient diagnosis. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 117(2): 239-242.

Parent, E. L., Dafir, M., Tremblay, N., Karam, A. (1994). Multivariate nutrient diagnosis of the carrot crop. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 119(3): 420-426.

Paul, E. A. (2007). Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry. Third edition. Elsevier. Pp. 391- 400.

Rigon, A., Leonardi, B., Miron, D., Rodrigues, J., Gosmann, G. (2012). Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Capsicum baccatum: from traditional use to scientific approach. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 139(1): 228-233.

Rios-Plaza, J. L., García-Hernández, J. L., Cano P.; Valdez-Cepeda R. D., Preciado, P. (2015). Importancia del análisis foliar y su relación al diagnóstico nutrimental de los cultivos. En nutrición mineral de las plantas, agricultura sustentable y protegida. NUVE. Granada, España. pp. 200-230.

Ross, M. (2004). Importancia del magnesio para altos rendimientos sostenibles en palma de aceite. Palmas. 25(2): 98-104.

Ryan, J. (2008). A perspective on balanced fertilization in the Mediterranean region. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 32(2): 79-89.

SAGARPA (Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación)-SIAP (Servicio de Información Agroalimentaria y Pesquera). (2014). México. Página web: http://siap.gob.mx.

Schweiggert, U., Carle, R., Schieber A. (2006). Characterization of major and minor capsaicinoids and related compounds in chili pods (Capsicum frutescens L.) by high-performance liquid chromatography/atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta. 557(1): 236-244.

StatSoft, Inc. (2010). Statistica for Windows (Computer Program Manual). StatSoft, Inc., 2300 East 14th Street, Tulsa, OK 74104.

Thomas, G.W. (1996). Soil pH and soil acidity. In: Sparks, D.L.; A.L. page; P.A. Helmke; R.H. Loeppert; pH Soltanpour; M.A. tabatabai; C.T. Jonston, and M.E. Sumner (Eds.). 1996. Methods of Soils Analysis. Part. 3. Chemical Methods (SSSA, Book Series No.5).

Váldez-Cepeda, R. D., Magallanes, R. Rubio, S., García-Hernández, J. L., Murillo, B., Troyo, E., Diéguez, Enrique, Blanco, F. (2005). Normas nutrimentales DNC para chile (Capsicum annuum) tipo ‘mirasol’ seco. pp. 150-157. In: Second World Pepper Convention. Zacatecas, México.

Váldez–Cepeda R. D.; Rafael Magallanes–Quintanar ; Fidel Blanco–Macías ; Edwin A. Hernández–Caraballo; José Luis García–Hernández.(2013). Comparison among Boltzmann and Cubic Polynomial Models for Estimation of Compositional Nutrient Diagnosis Standards: Opuntia ficus indica L. Case. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 36:6: 895-910.

Walworth, J. L., Sumner, M. E. (1987). The diagnosis and recommendation inte-grated system (DRIS). In Advances in soil science (pp. 149-188). Springer New York.

Wing, Y. L., Won, H. K., Byoung C. K. (2013). Genetics, genomics and breeding of peppers and eggplant. Editorial CRC Press Taylor and Francis group.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v8i17.613

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Scope

Nova Scientia is a multidisciplinary, electronic publication that publishes twice a year in the months of May and November; it is published by the Universidad De La Salle Bajío and aims to distribute unpublished and original papers from the different scientific disciplines written by national and international researchers and academics. It does not publish reviews, bibliographical revisions, or professional applications.

Nova Scientia, year 12, issue 24, May – October 2020, is a biannual journal printed by the Universidad De La Salle Bajío, with its address: Av. Universidad 602, Col. Lomas del Campestre, C. P. 37150, León, Gto. México. Phone: (52) 477 214 3900, http://novascientia.delasalle.edu.mx/. Chief editor: Ph.D. Ramiro Rico Martínez. ISSN 2007 - 0705. Copyright for exclusive use No. 04-2008-092518225500/102, Diffusion rights via computer net 04 - 2008 – 121011584800-203 both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.

Editor responsible for updating this issue: Direction of Research Department of the Universidad De La Salle Bajío, last updated on May 15th, 2020.