RETRACTED PAPER Ammonium and Sulfate on growth, physiological activity and nutrimental status of lisianthus plants cv. ABC 1-2 deep rose
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Keywords

Eustoma grandiflorum Eustoma grandiflorum
plant growth

How to Cite

García Santiago, J. C. ., Hernández Pérez, A., Aureoles Rodríguez, F. ., González Fuentes, . J. A. ., Torres Olivar, V., Méndez López, . A. ., & Álvarez Vázquez, P. . (2021). RETRACTED PAPER Ammonium and Sulfate on growth, physiological activity and nutrimental status of lisianthus plants cv. ABC 1-2 deep rose. Nova Scientia, 13(26). Retrieved from http://novascientia.delasalle.edu.mx/ojs/index.php/Nova/article/view/2833

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) and Sulfur (S) are nutrients that have a strong uptake interaction. Therefore, the addition of these nutrients in the right ratio has a positive influence in plant development. This work is aiming to assess the effects of the interaction between NH4+ and SO42- at different concentrations, on the growth, physiology and macronutrient concentration in Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum (Raf.) Shinn.) cv. Dark Pink ABC 1-2. The trial treatments included three concentrations of NH4+ (0, 2.5 and 5 meq L-1) and two concentrations of SO42- (7 y 10 meq L-1). The different concentrations of SO42- y NH4+ were based on Steiner’s nutrient solution modifications.  We used 10-liter black polyethylene containers and perlite substrate with particles size of 0.2-0.5mm in diameter. The results showed that the stem diameter and dry biomass production of roots, stems, flowers and total biomass were higher with 5 meq L-1 of NH4+ and 7 meq L-1 of SO42-. On the other hand, total leaf dry weight and plant height were higher with 2.5 meq L-1 of NH4+ and 7 meq L-1 of SO42-. The plants showed the same behavior in terms of photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal conductance. We obtained the highest concentration of N and P by applying 2.5 meq L-1 of NH4+ with 10 meq L-1 of SO42. Furthermore, Mg, and S concentrations were higher when we supplied 2.5 meq L-1 of NH4+ with the two concentrations of SO42; while K and Ca were higher when we increased the concentration of NH4+ with 7 meq L-1 of SO42-. We obtained the best growth rate, biomass production and nutrient concentration  (K and Ca) in Lisianthus plants with 5 meq L-1 of NH4+/ 7 meq L-1 of SO42-; while physiological activity improved with 2.5 meq L-1 of NH4+ / 7 meq L-1 of SO42- ratio. 

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