Academic Entrepreneurial Intention: a study through the Theory of Planned Behavior
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Keywords

academic entrepreneurship
academic spin-off
entrepreneurial intention
theory of planned behavior
university.
business environment
Subjective Norm
perceived control
Entrepreneurship emprendimiento académico
spin-off académico
intención emprendedora
Teoría del Comportamiento Planeado
universidad
entorno de negocios
Norma subjetiva
Control percibido
Emprendedurismo

How to Cite

Terán-Pérez, B. M., Valdez Lafarga, C., Miranda Félix, A., & Flores Leal, P. (2021). Academic Entrepreneurial Intention: a study through the Theory of Planned Behavior. Nova Scientia, 13(26). https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v13i26.2729

Abstract

The study of Entrepreneurial Intention is essential to understand the beginning of the entrepreneurship process. The literature on academic entrepreneurship sustains a shortage of research related to how an individual, in the academic environment, develops the entrepreneurial intention of starting a spin-off. Starting from the Theory of Planned Behavior, the objective of the present study is to analyze the incidence of motivational antecedents (attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control) on Academic Entrepreneurial Intention and examine the effect of individual factors (creativity, perceived utility, self-confidence, business experience) and context (business experience, entrepreneurship training, and business environment) in said antecedents.

Method:  The data collection was through a survey applied randomly to 172 academics from the Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa in various areas of knowledge (technical and social). Data analysis was carried out using the multivariate Structural Equation Model technique, through the Partial Least Squares approach, for which the Smart PLS software was used.

Results: The result of the structural equation model showed that the main antecedent of the academic entrepreneurial intention is the attitude towards entrepreneurship. This, in turn, is influenced by Creativity and Perceived Utility.

Discussion: The research’s structural model allows predictive evidence of unobservable variables that influence entrepreneurial intention’s formation in the academic environment. Also, the findings present practical implications that are useful for university management to promote academic entrepreneurship.

https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v13i26.2729
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