Water holding capacity of substrates containing zeolite and its effect on growth, biomass production and chlorophyll content of Solanum lycopersicum Mill

Bulmaro Méndez Argüello, Ileana Vera Reyes, Antonio Cárdenas Flores, Gladys De los Santos Villarreal, Luis Ibarra Jiménez, Ricardo Lira Saldivar

Abstract


Zeolita clinoptilolita es un aluminosilicato hidratado que pertenece a un grupo de minerales de origen volcánico y posee propiedades agrícolas interesantes. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el efecto causado por la zeolita en plántulas de tomate (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) cultivadas en macetas. Por lo tanto, se evaluaron las propiedades físicas de tres sustratos: peat moss (pm), perlita (per) y zeolita (zeo), y sus diferentes mezclas (pm:per:zeo) en los siguientes tratamientos: (T1 o Control) = 100:0:0; T2 = 70:30:0; T3 = 70:20:10; T4 = 70:10:20 y T5 = 70:0:30 (v/v). Comparado con el tratamiento control, los sustratos conteniendo 30% de zeolita incrementaron su capacidad de retención de agua (260%), porosidad total (8.47%), densidad aparente (212%) y la densidad de partículas (230%). En comparación con las plantas desarrolladas en el sustrato control (100% peat moss), las que fueron cultivadas con 30% de zeolita incorporada al sustrato, exhibieron valores estadísticamente superiores en altura (24.2%), área foliar (64.5%), longitud de raíz (63.2%), biomasa seca aérea (62.5%), biomasa seca de raíz (208.9%), diámetro de tallo (28.5%) y número de hojas (92%); sin embargo, el índice de clorofila no mostró efectos significativos. Los resultados claramente indican que la incorporación de zeolita en los sustratos puede promover el crecimiento de las plantas de tomate.


Keywords


clinoptilolite; sustainable agriculture; fertilizer; plant nutrition; tomato

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdi GH, Khosh-Khui M, Eshghi S. (2006). Effect of natural zeolite on growth and flowering of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Int J Agric Res. 1: 384-389.

Aghdak P, Mobli M, Khoshgoftarmanesh A H. (2016). Effects of different growing media on vegetative and reproductive growth of bell pepper. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39(7), 967-973.

Al-Ajlouni MG, OthmanYA, Al-Qarallah BM, Ayad JY. (2017). Using environmentally friendly substrate in soilless lily production. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 15(1), 34-38.

Afrous A, Goudarzi SH. (2015). The effect of different types of zeolite on drain water volume and nitrate leaching under tomato cultivated. J Scientific Res Development. 2: 56-58.

Bernardi AC, Monte MBD, Paiva PRP, Werneck, CG, Haim PG, Barros FDS. (2010). Dry matter production and nutrient accumulation after successive crops of lettuce, tomato, rice, and andropogongrass in a substrate with zeolite. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 34(2): 435-442.

De Smedt C, Someus E, Spanoghe P. (2015). Potential and actual uses of zeolites in crop protection. Pest Manag Sci. 71: 1355-1367.

Djedidi M, Grasopoulos D, Maloupa E (2001). The effect of different substrates on the quality of f. Carmello tomatoes (Lycopersicon escullentum MILL) grown under protection in a hydroponic system. Cahiers Option Mediterranean’s 31:379-83.

Eghtedary-Naeini A, Golabadi M, Hoodaji M. (2016). Using enriched zeolite as a slow release iron fertilizer for soilless greenhouse cultivation of cucumber. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39: 523-530.

Fukuyama T, Nonami H, Katayama K, Hashimoto Y. (1994). Improvement of hydroponic culture medium by adding calcium-zeolite. Hydrop Transp Prod. 396: 115-122.

Gül A, Eroğul D, Ongun, AR. (2005). Comparison of the use of zeolite and perlite as substrate for crisp-head lettuce. Scientia Horticulturae, 106: 464-471.

Kavoosi M. (2007). Effects of zeolite application on rice yield, nitrogen recovery, and nitrogen use efficiency. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 38: 69-76.

Leggo PJ. (2015). The efficacy of the organo-zeolitic biofertilizer. Agrotechnology. 4: 1-4.

Lija M, Haruna AO, Kasim S. (2014). Maize (Zea mays L.) nutrient use efficiency as affected by formulated fertilizer with clinoptilolite zeolite. Emir J Food Agric. 26: 284-292.

Malekian R, Abedi KJ, Eslamian SS. (2011). Influences of clinoptilolite and surfactant-modified clinoptilolite zeolite on nitrate leaching and plant growth. J Hazard Mater. 185: 970-976.

Masarik KC, Norman JM, Brye KR. (2014). Long-term drainage and nitrate leaching below well-drained continuous corn agroecosystems and a prairie. J Environ Prot. 5: 240-254.

Manolov I, Antonov D, Stoilov G, Tsareva I, Baev M. (2006). Jordanian zeolitic tuff as a raw material for the preparation of substrates used for plant growth. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 6: 485-494.

Moraetis D, Papagiannidou S, Pratikakis A, Pentari D, Komnitsas K. (2016). Effect of zeolite application on potassium release in sandy soils amended with municipal compost. Desalination Water Treat. 57: 13273-13284.

Najafinezhad H, Sarvestani ZT, Sanavy SAM, Naghavi H. (2014). Effect of irrigation regimes and application of barley residue, zeolite and superabsorbent polymer on forage yield, cadmium, nitrogen and some physiological traits of corn and sorghum. Int J Biosci. 5: 234-245.

Najafi-Ghiri M. (2014). Effects of zeolite and vermicompost applications on potassium release from calcareous soils. Soil Water Res. 9: 31-37.

Ozbahce A, Tari AF, Gönülal E, Simsekli N, Padem H. (2015). The effect of zeolite applications on yield components and nutrient uptake of common bean under water stress. Archiv Agron Soil Sci. 61: 615-626.

Orha C, Lăzău C, Bandas C. (2015). Structural and fertilizer properties of potassium doped natural zeolite. J Agroaliment Proc Technol. 21: 1-5.

Palanivell P, Ahmed OH, Majid NM. (2016). Minimizing ammonia volatilization from urea, improving lowland rice (cv. MR219) seed germination, plant growth variables, nutrient uptake, and nutrient recovery using clinoptilolite zeolite. Archiv Agron Soil Sci. 62: 708-724.

Pire R, Pereira A. (2003). Propiedades físicas de componentes de sustratos de uso común en la horticultura del estado Lara, Venezuela. Propuesta metodológica. Bioagro, 15: 55-63.

Priya TS, Vivek N. (2016). Restructuring the agricultural supply chain. Int J Business Innovation Res. 10: 135-148.

Rabalais NN, Turner RE, Wisemanm WJ. (2002). Gulf of Mexico hypoxia, a.k.a. the dead zone. Annu Rev Eco Syst. 33: 235-263.

Ramesh V, Jyothi JS, Shibli, SMA. (2015). Effect of zeolites on soil quality, plant growth and nutrient uptake efficiency in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.). J Root Crops. 41: 25-31.

Ramesh K, Reddy D, Biswas KA, Rao S. (2011). Zeolites and their potential uses in agriculture. Advances in Agronomy. 113: 215-236.

Shokouhi A, Parsinejad M, Noory H. (2015). Impact of zeolite and soil moisture on P uptake. (In). In Proceedings of 2nd Berlin-European Sustainable Phosphorus Conference. University of Tehran, Iran. Accessed 04.04.2016 at http://www.phosphorusplatform.eu/images/Conference/ESPC2materials/Shokouhi%20poster%20ESPC2.pdf.

Shahsavari N, Jais HM, Shirani Rad AH. (2014). Responses of canola morphological and agronomic characteristics to zeolite and zinc fertilization under drought stress. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 45: 1813-1822.

Tsintskaladze G., Eprikashvili L, Urushadze T, Kordzakhia T, Sharashenidze T, Zautashvili M, Burjanadze M. (2016). Nanomodified natural zeolite as a fertilizer of prolonged activity. Annals of Agrarian Science, 14(3): 163-168.

Walkley A, Black IA. (1934). An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37: 29-37.

Xiubin H, Zhanbin H. (2001). Zeolite application for enhancing water infiltration and retention in loess soil. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 34: 45-52.

Yilmaz E, Sönmez I, Demir H. (2014). Effects of zeolite on seedling quality and nutrient contents of cucumber plant (Cucumis sativus cv. Mostar F1) grown in different mixtures of growing media. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal. 45: 2767-2777.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v10i21.1413

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Nova Scientia

Nova Scientia, year 10, issue 20, May – October 2018, is a biannual journal printed by the Universidad De La Salle Bajío, with its address: Av. Universidad 602, Col. Lomas del Campestre, C. P. 37150, León, Gto. México. Phone: (52) 477 7108500, e-mail: http://nova_scientia.delasalle.edu.mx. Chief editor: Ph.D. Ramiro Rico Martínez. ISSN 2007 - 0705. Copyright for exclusive use No. 04-2008-092518225500/102, Diffusion rights via computer net 04 - 2008 – 121011584800-203 both granted by the Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor.

Editor responsible for updating this issue: Direction of Research Department of the Universidad De La Salle Bajío, last updated on May 25th, 2018.