The peruvian technological MSMEs to 2030. Strategies for their insertion to industrie 4.0

Roly Javier Gutarra Romero, Alma Gabriela Valente Mercado

Abstract


Introduction:  The Peruvian technological MSMEs play a very important role for the economic and social development of the country in the medium and long term, however, the number of these in the country is limited, since currently non-technological MSMEs are predominant. Hence, the tough access to the use of technologies and knowledge management is one of the traits of this type of companies, which implies a low technological intensity production, not according to the emerging technological trends, thus promoting their scarce competitiveness and insertion into industry 4.0.                        

Method: The aim of the present prospective study was to explore the possible futures of the Peruvian technological MSMEs by 2030, for this purpose -with the intervention of Peruvian and Mexican experts in MSMEs and prospective methodology- the key variables that will affect the future of those, were identified. scenarios were designed about their innovation processes and the betting scenario for 2030 was chosen. Likewise, with trend analysis, future technology-based business opportunities were identified for Peruvian MSMEs.

Results: The prospective study made it possible to identify two determining variables for the future development of the Peruvian technological MSMEs, these variables are "Education in entrepreneurship" and "An articulated and systemic regulatory framework that promotes technological development and innovation". Finally, for the future construction of said variables, various actions were proposed.

Discussion or Conclusion: The Peruvian MSMEs constitute a business conglomerate of great importance for the economic and social development of the country, but it is crucial that they become technology-based MSMEs. For this, it is necessary for Peru to design and implement a systemic and entrepreneurial framework according to the new technological trends based on the geographical diversity, biodiversity, and cultural richness of the country.


Keywords


Technological MSMEs; strategic prospective; technological prospective; industry 4.0

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v10i20.1329

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